An English lesson on the Present Continuous.

Brian, Carol and Millie are travelling by tube. They are going for lunch at The Ritz.  Carol and Millie are talking, and Brian  is thinking about lunch.

There are 4  Present Tenses  in the English Language

Present Simple, Present Continuous, Present Perfect, Present Perfect Continuous

The  Present Continuous 

We use the present continuous for things that are happening at the time we are speaking, for temporary situations, and for activities that are in progress.

Just a minute. I’m checking my email. (now)

She usually works in London, but she’s working from home this week. (temporary)

I’m studying Economics (activity in progress)

We can also use the present continuous for future arrangements, usually with a time expression.
I’m seeing the doctor on Monday morning.

Form:
For positive sentences, the form is subject + am/is/are + verb-ing.

Make questions and negatives with am/are/is + not + verb-ing.

Can I call you back later? We’re having dinner right now.
He isn’t answering his mobile at the moment.
What are you doing?
Is it raining?

Note: There are some verbs that we don’t usually use in the continuous form. They are often verbs of thinking and feeling, for example: hear, see, smell, hate, know, understand, believe, want, need.

WRONG: Could you explain that again? I’m not understanding.
CORRECT: Could you explain that again? I don’t understand.

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